What is Alt-Right?

The general consensus of activist scholars
Carol Mason, Alex DiBranco, & Chip Berlet  (<Facebook>)
is that Alt-Right is primarily a loose-knit umbrella formation of media-manipulator ideologues promoting a MASCULINIST & WHITE SUPREMACIST ethno-nationalist state. It is not currently a mass-based social or political movement. This was our discussion at the Take Root: Red State Perspectives on Reproductive Justice conference in Oklahoma.

See also the important work of Matthew Lyons, Spencer Sunshine, Alexander Reid Ross, (<Facebook>)
and other progressive analysts. Most corporate media coverage has been shallow, uninformed, and/or wildly inaccurate.

< Alt-Right > is a set of overlapping media streams and publications produced by an assortment of political ideologues around the theme of promoting monocultural ethno-nationalist societies. The producers of these posts (which exist primarily online as a Twitter feeds, blogs and websites) tend to be aggressive men who dislike feminists and people who identify as LGBTQ. In the United States and Europe they promote a form of White Nationalism. That each future society must consist of one “race” and one culture tends to be a concept shared across the range of alt-right activists.

This is a highly diverse network of co-thinkers, with a wide range of beliefs withing the sphere of ethno-nationalist or racial nationalist structures.

Whether or not future ethno-nationalist societies also should share one religion or philosophical viewpoint is discussed. Many participants appear to see themselves as libertarian or right-wing anarchists, while some identity as anti-religious.  How much individuals promote direct aspects of forms of fascism and/or Nazism varies. Some in the alt-right network openly embrace the pseudo-scientific racist and antisemitic theories of Hitler’s Nazi Germany. Often overlooked in the history of the period between World War One and World War Two was that several countries were ruled by ethno-nationalist religious forms of fascism referred to as Clerical Fascism.


For background:

On Twitter the hashtag #AltRight is used for messages.




These exact pages on Wikipedia seem to be reliably sourced:



{Everything found on Wikipedia needs to be fact-checked}

Deep Digging into Primary Sources:

Paul Gottfried, “Toward a New Fusionism?”  October 17, 2012, The American Conservative. http://www.theamericanconservative.com/repository/toward-a-new-fusionism/

In the United States alt-right was influenced by the anti-immigrant and “English-Only” movements

See this report I wrote for the Southern Poverty Law Center in 2003:

Into the Mainstream

“An array of right-wing foundations and think tanks support efforts to make bigoted and discredited ideas respectable.
Around the country, ideas that originated on the hard right or in the fevered imaginations of conspiracy theorists are finding their way into the mainstream. In a number of cases, these ideas have become commonplace in American minds.”

“[T]hese institutions, organized alphabetically, that focus on their roles in spreading bigotry.”

Links go to the SPLC Website

The American Cause
American Enterprise Institute
American Immigration Control Foundation
The Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation
Castle Rock Foundation
Center for American Unity
Center for the Study of Popular Culture
Federation for American Immigration Reform
Free Congress Foundation
Institute for the Study of Man
Ludwig von Mises Institute
New Century Foundation
John M. Olin Foundation
Pioneer Fund
Rockford Institute
Scaife Foundations

Derek Bickerton, Strange Tongue: The folly of English-only
“English-only” is racism lite.
Posted May 20, 2010

¿Mexican Suicide Bombers?
The Effects Of 9/11 On The Anti-Immigrant Movement
by Carina A. Bandhauer, PhD
Excerpts from a 2005 Paper presented at ASA annual meeting in Philadelphia
Used here by permission of the author

From an interview with Barbara Coe of the California Coalition for Immigration Reform,
January, (election year) 2000):

“You’re dealing with a great many violent cultures. Their actions are totally acceptable in their country. They’re not acceptable here. I’m x-Anaheim P.D.. Abuse, family violence, hey! …It’s acceptable in their country.… You’re looking at violent crime. You’re also looking at gang participation…. Disease.… tuberculosis, hepatitis C, HIV, the whole bottle of wax.… And we also have a common recognized common enemy–primarily common enemy which is not the immigrants. It’s our treacherous, traitorous, seditious, follow the money, follow the vote politicians and that’s the bottom line. That’s the bottom line, you know? Welcome them in and then use their vote.… Mr. Bush is an illegal alien lover. He loves their votes and anybody who tries to tell me any differently?
— Forget it.”


“California’s white-led activists maintained a mainly anti-Mexican focus, whereas, the national level anti-immigrant organizations more notably targeted Arabs and Muslims. …. Interviews revealed a more evident connection than previously recognized between overt hate-groups (including published biological determinists, arguing for “the separation of the races”) and anti-immigrant activists (often considered to be less overt hate-groups)….Finally, anti-immigrant sentiment perpetuated racial stereotypes, with regard to perceived ‘race,’ religion, or nation of origin, and according to gender.”

From the now-defunct Massachusetts English Plus coalition

Who is Behind the English Only Movement?

The English Only movement is the organized effort to make English the official language of the United States. It’s led principally by a well-funded multi-million dollar right wing organization called U.S. English, which boasts a membership of over 570,000. U. S. English has successfully lobbied for the passage of English Only laws in 18 states (out of 22 total English Only states) since its founding in 1983.

Although U.S. English’s propaganda often suggests otherwise, the racism and anti-immigrant philosophies are readily evident when we examine some of U. S. English’s roots. Dr. John Tanton, principal founder and architect of U.S. English, is also the founder and former chairman of the anti-immigration organization, FAIR ( Federaton for American Immigration Reform). FAIR is the leading national agency promoting the current wave of legislation and policy restricting immigration and denying benefits for immigrants. FAIR and U.S. English are on a list of anti-immigration and population-control organizations supported by Dr. Tanton’s personal non-profit umbrella, U.S. Inc. Other organizations on that list include: the Center for Immigration Studies, Californians for Population Stabilization, and Americans for Border Control.

Dr. Tanton’s racist views on immigrants, particularly regarding Latinos, were reflected in a 1986 memo that was leaked out – warning about the specter of an Hispanic take-over of the United States: ” … in a society where the majority rules… Will the present majority peaceably hand over its political power to a group that is simply more fertile… As Whites see their power and control over their lives declining, will they simply go quietly into the night?” As the result of the negative publicity related to the memo, Dr. Tanton was forced to resign as Chairman of U. S. English. However, U.S. English’s propaganda machine has successfully deflected the Tanton controversy by reinventing some of its history. The late Senator S. I. Hayakawa of California, the former honorary chairman, is now described as the lone founder of U.S. English in all its literature.

Another questionable source of U.S. English’s earlier funding was the Pioneer Fund, which supports eugenics research for racial betterment. Pioneer Fund was created in 1937 to support what it called “applied genetics in present day Germany”, referring to Hitler’s program of forced sterilization. In the 1970’s, the Pioneer Fund also financed the research of William Shackle and Arthur Jenson on Blacks and lower IQ’s.

The third principal funding source for U.S. English was Mellon heiress Cordelia Scaife May, who poured at least $5.8 to U.S. English, FAIR and other affiliated organization over the 1980’s through her Laurel Foundation. May’s Laurel Foundation sponsored the publication of The Camp of the Saints, a futuristic novel about the destruction of European civilization by third world immigrants.




Key People:

Richard Spencer,

Stephen Bannon,

Brett Stevens


Major Influences:

Alain de Benoist and the French New Right

One philosophical root of the alt-right network are in the themes of the French “New Right” (Nouvelle Droit) and the theories of Alain de Benoist. The French New Right is in no way similar to or related to the New Right of the late 1970s in the United States. In the United States, the alt-right movement emerged from pre-existing anti-immigrant and “English Only” movements.

Oswald Spengler (Quotes on Wiki Quote*)

Frances Parker Yockey (writing as Ulick Verang: Imperium)

Julius Evola

Willis Carto

Richard Spencer