Ted Cruz, the Christian Right, and Dominionism

 

“The Christian Right wants to take dominion,” noted sociologist Sara Diamond, but it also wants to work within “the existing political-economic system, at the same time.” The broader the Christian Right stretches as an electoral coalition, the more obvious it becomes that some of its key leaders want a theocracy rather than a democracy. According to  Diamond, “Largely through the impact of Rushdoony’s and North’s [Reconstructionist] writings,  the concept that Christians are Biblically mandated to ‘occupy’ all secular  institutions has become the central unifying ideology for the Christian Right.”

The Table of Contents is arranged in the order of a study guide

Author Chip Berlet,curator of Research for Progress, was co-editor of the Encyclopedia of Millennialism and Millennial Movements and a contributor to the Encyclopedia of Fundamentalism and the second edition of the Encyclopaedia Judaica. He has researched Right-wing movements for over 30 years, and written numerous scholarly and popular articles and book chapters.

Table of Contents


Current Discussion of Christian Dominion in the 2016 election

Several current articles have raised the issue of Ted Cruz and “Dominionism.” And also on the different types of Christianity being represented by various Republican candidates.

The articles:
John Fea, “Ted Cruz’s campaign is fueled by a dominionist vision for America” (COMMENTARY)

John Ward, “Rubio’s supporters are the future of evangelicalism. But will they vote?”

Warren Throckmorton, “John Fea on Ted Cruz’s Dominionism”

Still Misleading America About Thomas Jefferson
History News Network
by John Fea, 
February 7, 2016

Who is Larry Huch and What Does He Have to Do With Ted Cruz?
John Fea, February 6, 2016 

For evangelical voters, Rafael Cruz may be Ted’s best apostle
Jonathan Tilove, Austin American Statesman, July 31, 2015

Useful Reliable Background Information

Note that the information and analysis in this older articles may not represent the current views of the authros.

Michelle Goldberg

A Christian Plot for Domination?” Michelle Goldberg, 2001/08/14

Sarah Posner

The Christian right’s “dominionist” strategy, Sarah Posner, Salon, 2011 08/21

Frederick Clarkson

When Exemption is the Rule: The Religious Freedom Strategy of the Christian Right, Frederick Clarkson, Report, Political Research Associates, 2016/01/12

The Rise of Dominionism
REMAKING AMERICA AS A CHRISTIAN NATION
2005/05/12, Frederick Clarkson, Report, Political Research Associates

Rachel Tabachnick

The Rise of Charismatic Dominionism

More on the Seven Mountains, comments provided by Rachel Tabachnick

The “Seven Mountains” concept is like a simplified and condensed version of the Worldview Documents of the Coalition on Revival. Several leading New Apostolic Reformation apostles were involved in the Coalition on Revival including C. Peter Wagner and Dennis Peacocke.

The Seven Mountains campaign was launched 2006/2007 by New Apostolic Reformation Apostles Lance Wallnau and Os Hillman. It built on the foundations of the internationally-promoted “Transformations” series of movies which facilitated the teaching of the New Apostolic Reformation’s version of spiritual warfare and spiritual mapping.

The launching of the 7 Mountains campaign included a movie and other media materials with the claim that a divine mandate had been given simultaneously in 1975 to Bill Bright and Loren Cunningham and revealed to Francis Schaeffer a few months later.

The movies and subsequent “Transformation” organizations around the world have been instrumental in shifting emphasis from saving souls to “taking territory.”

Since 2007 the 7 Mountains meme has spread far beyond the New Apostolic Reformation and its leadership. For example, it has been the focus of the National Day of Prayer and is the framework for organizations that are not explicitly New Apostolic Reformation.

http://www.7culturalmountains.org
This is Os Hillman’s site including version of 7 Mountains movie

http://www.amazon.com/The-Seven-Mountain-Prophecy-Revolution/dp/1599792877
Johnny Enlow wrote this widely used text on meaning of the7 Mountains.

http://www.rightwingwatch.org/content/wallnau-dont-say-dominionism-least-not-front-media

Following the 2011 media exposure, Wallnau and Hillman hastily hosted and publicized interviews denying that their7 Mountains mandate is about “dominionism” and warning their audiences to use terms like “influence” when speaking in public. Behind the scenes they emphasize the need for stealth. Hillman warns in his book Change Agent, “Kingdom solutions sometimes need stealth solutions so that the secular world can accept them.”

 

============================================

Many articles on Dominionism and the Christian Right can be found on Talk to Action, especially by authors Rachel Tabachnick, Bruce Wilson, Frederick Clarkson, and Chip Berlet.

============================================

Background from within the
Dominionist Movements

“Let’s Take Dominion Now,” C. Peter Wagner

C. Peter Wagner, Dominion! How Kingdom Action Can Change the World

Following the brief period of mainstream press exposure in late summer and early fall of 2011, New Apostolic Reformation leaders tried to downplay what they meant by “dominion.” Most of the November 2011 issue of Charisma Magazine was dedicated to a response to the sudden media exposure, but after the spotlight was gone C. Peter Wagner wrote the following article:

“Why You Must Take Dominion Over Everything”

============================================

Criticism from within Christianity

Deception in the Church

============================================

Inside the Christian Right Dominionist Movement That’s Undermining Democracy

by Chip Berlet

Ted Cruz, Rick Perry, Michele Bachmann and Sarah Palin have all flirted with Christian Right Dominionism, but there’s lots of misinformation about just what that means.

Dominionists want to impose a form of Christian nationalism on the United States, a concept that was dismissed as eroding freedom and democracy by the founders of our country. Dominionism has become a major influence on the right-wing populist Tea Parties as Christian Right activists have flooded into the movement at the grassroots.

At the same time, legitimate questions have been raised about whether or not potential Republican presidential nominees Ted Cruz, Rick Perry, Michelle Bachmann, or Sarah Palin have moved from a generic form of Christian Right Dominionism toward the more totalitarian form know as Dominion Theology.

Clueless journalists and crafty Christian Right pundits have mocked the idea that Dominionism as a religiously motivated political tendency even exists. Scholars, however, have been writing about Dominionism for over a decade, some using the term directly, and others describing the tendency in other ways. Many articles on Dominionism can be found on Talk to Action, especially by authors Rachel Tabachnick, Bruce Wilson, Frederick Clarkson. Several of the authors who pioneered the discussion of Dominionism have written for the Public Eye Magazine.

Dominionism is a broad political impulse within the Christian Right in the United States. It comes in a variety of forms that author Fred Clarkson and I call soft and hard. Fred and I probably coined the term “Dominionism” back in the 1990s, but in any case we certainly were the primary researchers who organized its use among journalists and scholars.

Clarkson noted three characteristics that bridge both the hard and the soft kind of Dominionism.

  • Dominionists celebrate Christian nationalism, in that they believe the United States once was, and should again be, a Christian nation. In this way, they deny the Enlightenment roots of American democracy.
  • Dominionists promote religious supremacy, insofar as they generally do not respect the equality of other religions, or even other versions of Christianity.
  • Dominionists endorse theocratic visions, believing that the Ten Commandments, or “biblical law,” should be the foundation of American law, and that the U.S. Constitution should be seen as a vehicle for implementing Biblical principles.

At the apex of hard Dominionism is the religious dogma of Dominion Theology, with two major branches: Christian Reconstructionism and Kingdom Now theology. It is the latter’s influence on the theopolitical movement called the New Apostolic Reformation that has been linked in published reports to potential Republican presidential nominees Perry, Bachmann or Palin. All three of these right-wing political debutantes have flirted with Christian Right Dominionism, but how far they have danced toward the influence of hard-right Dominion Theology is in dispute. It would be nice if some “mainstream” journalists actually researched the question.

“While differing from Reconstructionism in many ways, Kingdom Now shares the belief that Christians have a mandate to take dominion over every area of life,” explains religion scholar Bruce Barron. And it is just this tendency that has spread through evangelical Protestantism, resulting in the emergence of “various brands of `dominionist’ thinkers in contemporary American evangelicalism,” according to Barron.

The most militant Dominion Theologists would silence dissenters and execute adulterers, homosexuals and recalcitrant children. No…seriously. OK, they would only be executed for repeated offenses, explain some defenders of Christian Reconstructionism. Even most Christian Right activists view the more militant Dominion Theologists as having really creepy ideas.

Much of the controversy over the issue of Dominionism is caused by writers who use the term carelessly, often conflating the broad term Dominionism with the narrow term Dominion Theology. Some on the Left have implied that every conservative Christian evangelical is part of the Christian Right political movement; and that everyone in the Christian Right is an active Dominionist. This is false. Some critics even state that the Christian Right is neofascist. Few serious scholars of fascism agree with that assessment, although several admit that if triggered by a traumatic societal event, any contemporary right-wing populist movement could descend into neofascism.

Advocates of Dominion Theology go beyond the democracy eroding theocracy of Dominionism into a totalitarian form of religious power called a “theonomy,” in which pluralistic democracy and religious tolerance are seen as a problem to be solved by godly men carrying out God’s will. Karen Armstrong calls Christian Reconstructionism “totalitarian” because it leaves “no room for any other view or policy, no democratic tolerance for rival parties, no individual freedom.” Matthew N. Lyons and I call Christian Reconstructionism a “new form of clerical fascist politics,” in our book Right-Wing Populism in America, because we see it echoing the religiously based clerical fascist movements that existed during World War II in countries including Romania and Hungary.

According to Fred Clarkson:

Reconstructionists believe that there are three main areas of governance: family government, church government, and civil government. Under God’s covenant, the nuclear family is the basic unit. The husband is the head of the family, and wife and children are “in submission” to him. In turn, the husband “submits” to Jesus and to God’s laws as detailed in the Old Testament. The church has its own ecclesiastical structure and governance. Civil government exists to implement God’s laws. All three institutions are under Biblical Law, the implementation of which is called “theonomy.”

Christian Reconstructionists believe that as more Christians adopt Dominion Theology, they will eventually convert the majority of Americans. Then the country will realize that the U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights are merely codicils to Old Testament biblical law. Because they believe this is God’s will, they scoff at criticism that what they plan is a revolutionary overthrow of the existing system of government. Over the past 20 years the leading proponents of Reconstructionism have included founder Rousas John (R.J.) Rushdoony, Gary North, Greg Bahnsen, David Chilton, Gary DeMar, and Andrew Sandlin. Kingdom Now theology emerged from the Latter Rain Pentacostal movement and the concept of Spiritual Warfare against the literal demonic forces of Satan. It has been promoted by founder Earl Paulk as well as C. Peter Wagner, founder of the New Apostolic Reformation movement.

For many, President Obama and the Democratic Party are among these “demonic forces.” This has real world consequences.

In 2006 former Florida Secretary of State Katherine Harris told thousands of cheering Christian Right activists that beating the Democrats in the upcoming elections was a battle against “principalities and powers,” which many in the audience would hear as a Biblical reference to the struggle with the demonic agents of Satan. Harris (who played “ballot bowling” in Florida to elect George W. Bush in 2000) told the audience at the annual Values Voter Summit in Washington DC that she had studied religion in Switzerland with the godfather of the Christian Right, theologian Francis A. Schaeffer. Her speech there, which I witnessed and wrote about, qualifies her as a Dominionist.

In 2004 Ohio Secretary of State Kenneth Blackwell, another Dominionist, oversaw the election apparatus giving his favored candidate George W. Bush a boost into the Oval Office.

Religion scholar Bruce Barron explains that “unlike the Christian Right, Reconstructionism is not simply or primarily a political movement; it is first and foremost an educational movement fearlessly proclaiming an ideology of total world transformation.” According to sociologist Sara Diamond, Christian Reconstructionism spread the “concept that Christians are Biblically mandated to `occupy’ all secular institutions” to the extent that it became “the central unifying ideology for the Christian Right.”

William Martin is the author of the 1996 tome With God on Our Side, a companion volume to the PBS series of the same name (Martin and I were both advisers to the PBS series). Martin is a sociologist and professor of religion at Rice University, and he has been critical of the way some critics of the Christian Right have tossed around the terms “dominionism” and “theocracy.” According to Martin:

It is difficult to assess the influence of Reconstructionist thought with any accuracy. Because it is so genuinely radical, most leaders of the Religious Right are careful to distance themselves from it. At the same time, it clearly holds some appeal for many of them. One undoubtedly spoke for others when he confessed, `Though we hide their books under the bed, we read them just the same.’

Martin reveals that “several key leaders have acknowledged an intellectual debt to the theonomists.” The late Christian Right leaders Jerry Falwell and D. James Kennedy “endorsed Reconstructionist books” for example. Before he died in 2001, the founder of Christian Reconstuctionism, R. J. Rushdoony, appeared several times on Christian Right televangelist programs such as Pat Robertson’s 700 Club and the program hosted by D. James Kennedy.

“Pat Robertson makes frequent use of `dominion’ language,” says Martin. Robertson’s book, The Secret Kingdom, “has often been cited for its theonomy elements; and pluralists were made uncomfortable when, during his presidential campaign, he said he `would only bring Christians and Jews into the government,’ as well as when he later wrote, `There will never be world peace until God’s house and God’s people are given their rightful place of leadership at the top of the world.’ ”

Martin also pointed out that Jay Grimstead, who led the Coalition on Revival, “brought Reconstructionists together with more mainstream evangelicals.” According to Martin, Grimstead explained “`I don’t call myself [a Reconstructionist],” but “A lot of us are coming to realize that the Bible is God’s standard of morality…in all points of history…and for all societies, Christian and non-Christian alike….It so happens that Rushdoony, Bahnsen, and North understood that sooner.”

Then Grimstead added, “there are a lot of us floating around in Christian leadership–James Kennedy is one of them–who don’t go all the way with the theonomy thing, but who want to rebuild America based on the Bible.”

So let’s choose our language carefully, but let’s recognize that terms such as Dominionism and Theocracy, when used cautiously and carefully, are appropriate when describing troubling tendencies in the Christian Right that are helping push the current political scene toward confrontation and intolerance.

Oregon Patriot Standoff – 2016

See Also: Chip’s article for FAIR:
The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly – Media Study

More Resources Page for the Fairness and Accuracy Media Study <<<

Chronological List of Articles and Posts Jan. 1-4, 2016


More Background Resources

Welcome Readers from the Fairness and Accuracy in Media Study

Corrections to the FAIR article:
I should have caught my editing errors on my final reading. Apologies. Corrections online coming soonest.

>>>Paragraph shortened, originally was:

The DHS Report (2009) contained much reliable research, but the ACLU and other civil liberties groups protested it was flawed by a failure to make a distinction between ideology and rhetoric (which are protected by the First Amendment) and criminal acts. As as early as 2008 the ACLU (5/8/08)  was criticizing the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. The ACLU also collected a list of criticisms of the activities of DHS. These criticism are embedded in a controversy over the new rhetoric of political repression developed by the US government and its advisers with language such as “Violent Extremism,” and “Violent Radicalization” which falsely imply that radical ideas on the Left and Right lead inexorably to violent criminal acts.

>>> “starling should be “startling”


Be sure to read: “How Media Turned Right-Wing ‘Willing to Kill’ Extremists Into Peaceful ‘Rancher’s Rights Protesters’” by Ben Norton at FAIR.


The issue of the LDS church, W. Cleon Skoussen, the JBS, and Glenn Beck is complicated. A truly thoughtful analysis is from May 1, 2012 by Matthew Bowman: Utah: A Mormon Scholar Meets Latter-Day Libertarians. Please, before you send me or post messages that I don’t understand the issue, please read this essay by Bowman.


Wildfire Today-The timeline for the Oregon rancher-arsonists


Spencer Sunshine of Political Research Associates has been studying the right-wing backlash in Oregon for several months

David Edwards, Raw Story–Ammon Bundy: Armed militia is ‘a defense mechanism’ so we can ‘unwind’ federal ownership of land

Alan Pyke, Think Progress–What You Need To Know About The Current Militia Standoff In Oregon

Chip Berlet: ‘Trumping’ Democracy: Right-Wing Populism, Fascism, and the Case for Action

Doug Gilbert–U.S. Hard Right Being Bolstered by the Mainstream

Naomi Braine– Terror Network or Lone Wolf?
Disparate Legal Treatment of Muslims and the Radical Right

Eugene Robinson, Washington Post–

The Oregon standoff and America’s double standards on race and religion

Political Research Associates, Clinic Defense–
Those Who Demonize Are Morally Culpable

Reporters Guide-MN Law Library: Legal Theories of Sovereign Citizens, Common Law Courts, Patriots, Tax Protesters


Glenn Beck, an LDS (Mormon) convert is a major source of conspiracy theories about liberalism and the alleged plot to impose tyranny in America.

Search using:
“Glenn Beck” “John Birch Society” Mormon conspiracy
“Latter Day Saints” “Glenn Beck” conspiracy
Note that the LDS rejects the conspiracy theories peddled by Glenn Beck and some other Mormons.

And read this excellent article:
http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2010/10/18/confounding-fathers

Background Resources

What is the Patriot Movement?

Bibliography for Serious Research on the US Patriot Movement

Trump, Right-wing Populism & Fascism

Theoretical Conversation on Fascism

CONSPIRACY THEORIES GLOSSARY:

Title of claimed conspiracy
  • Agenda 21
  • New World Order
  • United Nations
  • New Dark Ages
  • Illuminati
  • Protocols of the Elders of Zion
  • Clinton Administration

See also:

Patriots and Armed Militias: Battling the Feds & New World Order
From Chip Berlet and Matthew N. Lyons. 2000.
RightWing Populism in America: Too Close for Comfort. New York: Guilford Press.

Chip’s Obscure Online Articles:

Dances with Devils: Apocalyptic & Millennialist Themes
& Right Wing Scapegoating & Conspiracis

Toxic to Democracy:
Conspiracy Theories, Demonization, & Scapegoating

Collectivists, Communists, Labor Bosses, & Treason:
The Tea Parties as Right-Wing Populist Counter-Subversion Panic

And don’t be a cheapskate, buy spend a few bucks and buy a used copy of the book Matt Lyons and I wrote: Right-Wing Populism in America: Too Close for Comfort
$14.95 at Powell’s


    Racist White Nationalist Nativism
+ Christian Right Assaults on LGBTQ & Women’s Rights
+ Neo-Liberal “Free Market” Economic Class Warfare
+ Militarism & International Aggression
+ Right-Wing Populist Demagoguery
===Can Lead to=============================
Devolution of Democracy into Neofascism

{{ Build Multi-issue Grassroots Coalitions Now ! }}

Amnet Sample

In the late 1980s, this is what a computer
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on your home compute screen which would
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Captured 05/01/87
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What you see on your computer screen when you call the BBS

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1 Schoolbook Censorship Cases
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5 Sanctuary Movement Converts Colonel
6 Reagan and the World Anti-Communist League

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1 CAN WE TAKE OUR FREEDOMS FOR GRANTED?
by Richard Criley [THIS IS A LONG FILE!] 2 Censorship in the Classroom – ACLU
3 Drug Testing – Rights of Employees – ACLU
4 COINTELPRO Revisited – Spying & Disruption
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6 Nationwide Police Spy Network Exposed in Chicago
7 List of Agencies in Police Spy Network
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9 Equal Rights After the Brown Decision – ACLU
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From Civil Liberties – ACLU (Reprinted from the New Yorker)

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Š1 CAN WE TAKE OUR FREEDOMS FOR GRANTED?
by Richard Criley [THIS IS A LONG FILE!]

>>CIVIL LIBERTIES>1

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CAN WE TAKE OUR FREEDOMS FOR GRANTED?

by Richard Criley

Bill of Rights Foundation

“Congress shall make no law . . .

abridging the freedom of speech, or of

the press; or the right of the people

peaceably to assemble and to petition the

Government for a redress of grievances.”

First Amendment to the
U. S. Constitution (1)

We assume that the United States is dedicated to individual

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But as individuals, we seldom appreciate our constitutional

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officer, an unfair judge, an unresponsive tax auditor, or some

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easily our rights can be trampled. Then we are outraged and want

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FREEDOMS FOR ALL–OR FREEDOMS FOR NONE

What can we do? Our system of individual rights depends

Šupon their availability to {{{everyone}}}–including some people whose

beliefs we may not like. But if the constitutional rights of any

[story continues – edited here for space]

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1> One problem is the lack of serious education concerning
2> pluralism and democracy. How can we expect to defend democracy
3> when we don’t know what it is or what its enemies are like?
4>

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1 MONITOR – Newsletter of the
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2 CDR Statement
3 CDR Press Release
4 Lyndon LaRouche – Fascism in the 1980’s
by Chip Berlet
5 Racist Computer Networks
6 Racist and Anti-Semitic Farm Activism
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7 The White Racist Alliance in Illinois
by Midwest Research
8 Advice on How Right-Wing Fundamentalists
can Infiltrate the Political Process
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ORGANIZING

1 Groups Researching or Organizing Against the Right Wing
by Midwest Research
2 Bugs, Wiretaps and Informers – an Overview
by Linda Lotz, American Friends Service Committee
3 Common Sense Security
by Sheila O’Donnell, Public Eye Network

FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT KIT – from FOIA, INC.

4 Documentation and Instructions
5 Sample FBI Request Letter
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9 List of Selected Federal Agency Address

10 Illinois Freedom of Information Act – Sample Letter
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Use CTL-S or S to PAUSE, CTL-K or K to END

Msg #: 1
Date: 09/22/86
From: Allan Fenske
To: ALL
Re: TERRORISM AND DRUGS

I’D LIKE TO SEE PEOPLE’S COMMENTS ON THE FOLLOWING
PROPOSITION. THE TWO MAIN ISSUES BEING PUSHED BY THE
PRESENT ADMINISTRATION ARE TERRORISM (FORIEGN POLICY)
AND DRUGS (DOMESTIC POLICY). IT SEEMS CLEAR THAT WHILE
BOTH OF THESE ARE GENUINE AREAS OF CONCERN INFACT THEY
ARE BEING USED TO COVER A HOST OF MORE IMPORTANT ISSUES.L
IN A REAL SENSE BOTH OF THESE ISSUES ARE BOGUS. NEITHER
ŠOF THEM SPEAKS TO THE REAL CRISIS’ FACING THE AMERICAN
PEOPLE AND THE HYSTERIA SUROUNDING THEM ONLY STIFLES REAL
DEBATE. WORSE, THE SOLUTIONS PROPOSED WILL ONLY SERVE TO
REDUCE CIVIL LIBERTIES AND CUT CHANNELS OF COMMUNICATION
PROGRESSIVE ACTIVISTS SHOULD TRY TOEXPOSE THIS FRAUD AND FOCUS
ATTENTION ON THE REAL ISSUES.

Message Number: ( 1- 13) to Read (RETURN to quit) : 2

Msg #: 2
Date: 10/23/86
From: Ben Masel
To: ALL
Re: #1

bravo. a couple weeks back thea cop shot a guy, handcuffe
d on the groumnd, for having picked 3 wid plants.
This was the day after ron and nacncy”s tv show.
Marijuana and anti-urine test rally we held on Wisc. ca
Capitol grounds has become an issue in governor”s race.
the republican challenger says we should never have been
allowed to hold it.
Why are they so sanctimonious when all their pals push
cocaine?
Virginia Hill, girlfriend of Buggsy Siegal, in autobiogr
aphy, refers to reagan introducing Siegal to “Unofficial
Mayor” of SF Chinatown, which link, i suspect , played
a part in SE Asia to USA Heroin traffic. (Koumintong mai
ntains an army in Golden triangle area of Burma which
dominates upstream end of eroin flow. Remember, Reagan
remained loyal to Koumintang long after Nixon “s trip
to Peking. And then there”s the Contras.

Message Number: ( 1- 13) to Read (RETURN to quit) : 3

Msg #: 3
Date: 11/26/86
From: David Orme
To: ALL
Re: Issues

What do you think that the other real issues are?

I agree that the cop shooting the guy while he was handcuffed
was not a good idea, but is that really a widespread issue
like the drugs we hear about at work, at school, and elsewhere?

Dave

Message Number: ( 1- 13) to Read (RETURN to quit) : 4
Š

Msg #: 4
Date: 11/26/86
From: Ben Masel
To: ALL
Re: same

What is becoming widespread is the attitude that the au
thorities can do no wrong, so long as they are fifghting
the drug menace. Thus the reedom of Information act is
wiped as a rider in the drug package.
And the 4th amendment deserves a decent burial. (Anyone
know a stonecarver?)

>>AMNET [NEWSBASE 2] > c

COMMANDS used on this system:

NOTE: You can not re-enter the BBS from CP/M
You must redial to re-enter BBS

A>BYE <---To sign-off A>DIR <---To get a directory of the software on the drive A>DIR $L <---To list all files in all LIBRARY files on drive A>TYPE <---For Type menu A>KMD <---For KMD menu for uploads & downloads A>HELP <---For detailed instructions CHECKSUM PROTOCOL USERS NOTE: Most MS-DOS, PC-DOS and APPLE users use the Checksum file accuracy algorithm (Most CP/M folks use CRC). IF YOUR PROGRAM USES CHECKSUM RATHER THAN CRC PROTOCOL: The KMD commands to use to send NewsBase a file is KMD RC filename To have NewsBase send you a file the command is: KMD SC filename For MS-DOS user to send a file from within a library file KMD LC libraryname filename.ext NewsBase supports the Christensen, XMODEM & KMD protocols! Entering CP/M... Booting AMNET RCP/M... Type HELP for assistance Š Minutes left: 42 BYE .COM 8K | DIR .COM 8K | HELP .COM 8K | INDEX .COM 8K KMD .COM 16K | TYPE .COM 8K | USER .COM 8K | XMODEM .COM 8K >>> DRIVE:A USER:0 FILES:8 SPACE USED:72K (3288K FREE) <<< Maximum Directory entries: 512 of which 8 were found used and 504 left. A0>user 1

PW=
A1>dir

PRIBBS .005 16K | PRIDATAM.006 8K | PRIEND .009 8K | PRIINTRO.001 16K
PRILAWEN.004 8K | PRILIABL.003 8K | PRIORWEL.008 8K | PRIPRIV .002 16K
PRISURV .007 24K
>>> DRIVE:A USER:1 FILES:9 SPACE USED:112K (3288K FREE) <<< Maximum Directory entries: 512 of which 9 were found used and 503 left. A1>user 2

A2>dir

FARM .CDR 32K | MONITOR1.CDR 16K | MONITOR3.CDR 40K
>>> DRIVE:A USER:2 FILES:3 SPACE USED:88K (3288K FREE) <<< Maximum Directory entries: 512 of which 3 were found used and 509 left. A2>user 3

A3>dir

F1INST .FOI 16K | F2FBIREQ.FOI 8K | F3GOVREQ.FOI 8K | F4ADMAPP.FOI 8K
F5FBIADD.FOI 8K | F6GOVADD.FOI 8K
>>> DRIVE:A USER:3 FILES:6 SPACE USED:56K (3288K FREE) <<< Maximum Directory entries: 512 of which 6 were found used and 506 left. A3>user 4

A4>dir

LGHTBULB.TXT 16K | MANUAL .ASC 88K | VISA .TXT 16K
>>> DRIVE:A USER:4 FILES:3 SPACE USED:120K (3288K FREE) <<< Maximum Directory entries: 512 of which 4 were found used and 508 left. A4>user 0

A0>help

AMNET CP/M RBBS HELP

Type “BYE” to say Goodbye and break connection with AMNET
Š
Type “DIR” for sorted directory of files
Type “DIR A:” for sorted directory of files on Drive A:
Type “DIR A: $L for sorted directory of Library files (.LBR)
Type “DIR A: $A for sorted directory of files on all User areas

Type “USER 2” for changing to USER area 2
Public user areas are 0-4
Password for public user areas PW=STAR

Type “TYPE” for help in screen display of text files
Use this to capture ASCII text by modem
Type “KMD” for help in Uploading or Downloading
Use this for “XMODEM” type binary transfer

Sorry, you cannot return to the first AMNET menu from here….

A0>user 4

PW=
A4>dir

LGHTBULB.TXT 16K | MANUAL .ASC 88K | VISA .TXT 16K
>>> DRIVE:A USER:4 FILES:3 SPACE USED:120K (3288K FREE) <<< Maximum Directory entries: 512 of which 4 were found used and 508 left. A4>type visa.txt

TYPEL v3.2 (c) ESKAY 05-23-84
P& VISA DENIAL VICTORY SETS STAGE FOR SWEEPING LEGISLATION

by Susan Blank From: “CIVIL LIBERTIES”,
American Civil Liberties Union,
No. 357 Spring, 1986

In 1983, Nino Pasti, an Italian peace activist who had been a Senator and
NATO general, was invited to the United States to address an antinuclear
rally. Invoking the McCarran-Walter Immigration and Nationality Act, the U.S.
State Department refused Pasti a visa on the grounds that he was seeking to
enter the country to engage in activities that “would be prejudicial to its
interests or endanger its security.”

This spring the State Department’s assertion that it has the authority to
impose such a ban was significantly undercut. In a case brought by the ACLU,
a federal court of appeals ruled that Pasti and three other foreigners should

[story continues, edited for space]

A4>BYE

THANKS FOR CALLING AMNET…PLEASE HANG UP NOW!


Social Movements Need an Infrastructure to Succeed

by Chip Berlet

Adapted from an article that first appeared in Z Magazine (September 2005) and then Nonprofit Online News Journal (May 2006)
Gentle revisions in 2008 and 2015


Since I worked for over thirty years at a progressive think tank, Political Research Associates, the claim that progressive funders should help build a movement infrastructure is obviously self-serving, but that doesn’t make it inaccurate. Studies by the National Committee for Responsive Philanthropy have reached similar conclusions. I talked with folks at several other research groups that study the Political Right (those that haven’t gone under in recent years) and it seems we all have research tasks we would like to pursue, and research, monitoring, or training projects for which we have unsuccessfully sought funds.

Here is just one example. The Center for New Community has a Building Democracy initiative designed to counter “racism and other forms of bigotry through strategic research, community organizing, education and training. Its work to develop an anti-racist youth culture; its collaboration with human, civil, and immigrant rights organizations in response to anti-immigrant activity; and its release of nationally recognized research reports mark its recent advances to address these realities.” The Center would like to expand this work. It lacks the funds. In a similar way, more staff and resources could be put to good use at other groups such as the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Policy Institute, Americans United for Separation of Church and State, and Political Research Associates.

Want another concrete example? Among the earliest progressive researchers who wrote books and articles about the rise of the Political Right were Sara Diamond, Russ Bellant, and Fred Clarkson. For a time Diamond wrote an excellent column about the Political Right for Z Magazine. In the long run, however, none of these three fine researchers and journalists could make a living doing what they did best. Compare them to Ann Coulter, Dinesh D’Souza, and the swarm of right-wing ideologues plucked fresh from college and generously financed with stipends, grants, and fellowships from conservative foundations.

Investigative reporter Bill Berkowitz has managed to continue to write about the Political Right, as have I, and there is a new crop of writers including Michelle Goldberg,  Esther Kaplan, Jeff Sharlet,  Sarah Posner, David Neiwert, Alex DiBranco, and others. But there still is no long-term consistent funding for progressive research on the many sectors of the U.S. Political Right.

Most liberal and left foundations will tell you up front that they don’t fund research, conferences, or media. That’s exactly what the Political Right funded to help build the infrastructure of their successful social movement. The staff of many progressive foundations privately will admit that they are well aware of this scenario, but they are not able to get foundation priorities and guidelines shifted to respond to the strategic and tactical challenges funded by the conservative infrastructure.

For 25 years the progressive movement for social change has been fed head first into a gigantic, well-funded, right-wing, ideological sausage-making machine, while foundations that consider themselves progressive are dispensing band-aids. If we figured out how to stop the machine, we wouldn’t need the band-aids.

Since we believe in progressive social change, then we must believe in the democratic process. Democracy is a process that involves several components, all of which are necessary, but none of which is sufficient. This is how it works.

Democracy is a process that assumes the majority of people, over time, given enough accurate information, the ability to participate in a free and open public debate, and can vote without intimidation, reach constructive decisions that benefit the whole of society, and preserve liberty, protect our freedoms, extend equality, and defend democracy itself.

Just days after the election of Barak Obama as President, we can see attempts to constrain his progressive agenda. A strong, diverse, democratically-run, vibrant progressive social movement is the best way to build support for turning the vision outlined in Obama’s uplifting rhetoric into a reality for all us.

Chip Berlet: Social Movements Need an Infrastructure to Succeed

 Jean Hardisty: My On-Again, Off-Again Romance With Liberalism

How the Right Took Power and the Failure of Liberal Infrastructures

Progressive Movement Building

Featured Allies & More Resources

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Roosevelt’s The Four Freedoms

“In the future days, which we seek to make secure, we look forward to a world founded upon four essential human freedoms.”

“The first is freedom of speech and expression–everywhere in the world.”

“The second is freedom of every person to worship God in his own way–everywhere in the world.”

“The third is freedom from want–which, translated into world terms, means economic understandings which will secure to every nation a healthy peacetime life for its inhabitants-everywhere in the world.”

“The fourth is freedom from fear–which, translated into world terms, means a world-wide reduction of armaments to such a point and in such a thorough fashion that no nation will be in a position to commit an act of physical aggression against any neighbor–anywhere in the world.”

“That is no vision of a distant millennium. It is a definite basis for a kind of world attainable in our own time and generation. That kind of world is the very antithesis of the so-called new order of tyranny which the dictators seek to create with the crash of a bomb.”

                                                   –President Franklin Delano Roosevelt,
January 6, 1941

Chip’s essay on Defending the Four Freedoms written after the right-wing terror attack on the Oklahoma City Federal Building

See also this excellent essay on the Four Freedoms:
“What We Can Learn From FDR”
by Harvey J. Kaye
April 10, 2014


Trump’s Demagoguery Threatens Democracy Itself

Now is the time for blunt talk. Donald Trump is a dangerous demagogue generating “scripted violence.” Trumpism threatens not just the First Amendment but democracy itself. I call him a right-wing populist using fascistic rhetoric to target scapegoated groups. Other journalists and scholars have dubbed him a fascist or a totalitarian. But we all smell the stench of the burning bodies.

So let us have our terminological debates, but setting aside all intellectual disagreements, as citizens of an increasingly unfree society, we must stand up and speak out.The First Amendment guarantees the free exercise of religion, and that includes the right to call religion ridiculous. It protects devout Roman Catholics and those in the church of the Flying Spaghetti Monster–even those who sometimes wear colanders as hats. At Talk to Action, where this essay was first posted, we are nonpartisan, welcome respectful contributions discussing human, civil, and constitutional rights, and find debates between theists and atheists annoying (no trolls blasting either are allowed). Democracy is what we cherish…and it is in trouble.

Some early studies of prejudice, demonization, and scapegoating treated the processes as marginal to “mainstream” society and an indication of an individual pathological psychological disturbance. More recent social science demonstrates that demonization is a habit found across various sectors of society among people who are no more prone to mental illness than the rest of society.Philosopher Hannah Arendt taught us that ordinary people can become willing–even eager–participants in brutality and mass murder justified by demonization of scapegoated groups in a society

Lawrence L. Langer raises this as a troubling issue regarding the Nazi genocide:

“The widespread absence of remorse among the accused in postwar trials indicates that we may need…to accept the possibility of a regimen of behavior that simply dismisses conscience as an operative moral factor. The notion of the power to kill, or to authorize killing of others, as a personally fulfilling activity is not appealing to our civilized sensibilities; even more threatening is the idea that this is not necessarily a pathological condition, but an expression of impulses as native to ourselves as love and compassion.”

A troubling concept–that some of us who helped jumpstart this website have discussed for decades–is that when most people in a society realize that a fascist movement might actually seize state power, it is too late to stop it. So let us act now: as Republicans, Democrats, Independents and the folks who think voting just encourages a corrupt system. As people of faith, the spiritual, the agnostic, and those who think that God is Dead because she doesn’t exist. We are all in the same lifeboat here. Grab an oar.

Facing History and Ourselves reminds us of the “Fragility of Democracy” in a series of essays by Professor Paul Bookbinder, an international expert on the Weimar Republic in Germany in the period just before that nation collapsed into the inferno of Nazi rule and genocide. No, we do not face a crisis like that faced by the German people in the 1920s and 1930s. Yet as Bookbinder observes, there were moments when Hitler’s thugs could have been stopped.

In her small yet powerful book, Eichmann in Jerusalem, Arendt concluded that evil was banal, and that if there was one clear universal truth, it is that ordinary people have a moral obligation to not look away from individual or institutional acts of cruelty or oppression. We recognize the processes that lead from words to violence, they are well-studied, and the theories and proofs are readily available. Silence is consent. Denial is complicity with evil.

What is Democracy?

What is Democracy?

Democracy is an ongoing struggle,
not a specific set of institutions.

Democracy is a process that assumes
the majority of a free and equal people,
over time:

  • given an education that inspires curiosity,
  • have access to accurate information,
  • participate in free, open, public debates,
  • and can vote without intimidation,

Reach constructive decisions
that benefit the whole of society, and:

  • preserve liberty,
  • protect our freedoms,
  • extend equality;

and thus, defend democracy itself.

-Chip Berlet

Donald Trump, Nasty Rhetoric, and Scripted Violence

by Chip Berlet

Adapted from my published scholarly study:
“Heroes Know Which Villains to Kill:
How Coded Rhetoric Incites Scripted Violence,”


New Preface, December 2015

Trump is ratcheting up his xenophobia while making the “liberal” press his adversary. As he works to gain votes, he is throwing Muslims, Mexicans, and other scapegoats to the wolves.

Demagogic rhetoric targeting unpopular groups of people can incite violence. Republican frontrunner Donald Trump can claim he never told his followers to hurt anyone, and perhaps avoid legal consequences, but Trump is morally responsible. His nasty vilification produces “scripted violence.” The victims of Trumps rhetoric are piling up. The term “incited violence” also describes this process that draws from the media studies concept of “constitutive rhetoric.” Incitement to violence also has legal ramifications.

Last August the Washington Post in an editorial warned that “Mr. Trump’s immigrant-bashing rhetoric breeds violence.”[1] In a column, Robert Reich collected a long list of violence in the path of Republican bigoted blustering. Those that commit bigoted violence “often take their cues from what they hear in the media” wrote Reich in November following the murderous attack on the Planned Parenthood clinic in Colorado Springs.[2] Reich said “the recent inclination of some politicians to use inflammatory rhetoric is contributing to a climate” in which violence against targeted groups is real.

While Trump is a right-wing populist, his rhetoric recalls that of Hitler’s murderous German Nazism; while his demeanor is like a Saturday Night Live sketch of Benito Mussolini and his Italian Fascism.

Writing about Trump’s nasty rhetoric, and the alarming welcome it has found during the Republican pre-primary media blitz, American Prospect journalist Adele Stan put it bluntly:

===What Trump is doing, via the media circus of which he has appointed himself ringmaster, is making the articulation of the basest bigotry acceptable in mainstream outlets, amplifying the many oppressive tropes and stereotypes of race and gender that already exist in more than adequate abundance.[3]

And it is not just Trump. Some of the other Republican hopefuls closer to the Christian Right also demonize gay people and feminists, and excoriate defenders of reproductive rights. One militant slogan is “If abortion is murder, then act like it is.”



Excerpt from Published Study

How does the process of scripted violence work? The leaders of organized political or social movements sometimes tell their followers that a specific group of ‘Others’ is plotting to destroy civilized society. History tells us that if this message is repeated vividly enough, loudly enough, often enough, and long enough—it is only a matter of time before the bodies from the named scapegoated groups start to turn up. Social science since World War II and the Nazi genocide has shown that under specific conditions, virulent demonization and scapegoating can—and does—create milieus in which the potential for violence is increased. What social science cannot do is predict which individual upon hearing the rhetoric of clear or coded incitement and turn to violence.

In their study of how media manipulation for political ends can help incite genocide, Frohardt and Temin looked at ‘content intended to instill fear in a population’, or ‘intended to create a sense among the population that conflict is inevitable’. [4] They point out that ‘media content helps shape an individual’s view of the world and helps form the lens through which all issues are viewed’.

Frohardt and Temin found that media can create a sense within a target population of potential perpetrators of violence that ‘imminent’ and serious threats were to be expected, even though ‘there was only flimsy evidence provided to support them’,

===When such reporting creates widespread fear, people are more amenable to the notion of taking preemptive action, which is how the actions later taken were characterized. Media were used to make people believe that ‘we must strike first in order to save ourselves’. By creating fear the foundation for taking violent action through ‘self-defense’ is laid.

In approaching some of these questions social science uses the concepts of ‘constitutive rhetoric’; the vilification, demonization, and scapegoating of a named ‘Other’; coded rhetorical incitement by demagogues; the relationship between conspiracism and apocalyptic aggression; and the process of scripted violence by which a leader need not directly exhort violence to create a constituency that hears a call to take action against the named enemy. These processes can and do motivate some individuals to adopt a ‘superhero complex’ which justifies their pre-emptive acts of violence or terrorism to ‘save society’ from imminent threats by named enemies ‘before it is too late’.

can see conspiracy theories built around fears of liberal subversion by President Obama;[8] fears of government attempts to merge the United States, Canada, and Mexico into a North American Union; [9]and fears that Muslims living in the United States are plotting treachery and terrorism.[10]

Conspiracism evolves as a worldview from roots in dualistic forms of apocalypticism. Fenster argues that persons who embrace conspiracy theories are simply trying to understand how power is exercised in a society that they feel they have no control over. Often they have real grievances with the society—sometimes legitimate—sometimes seeking to defend unfair power and privilege. [5] Nonetheless, Conspiracism can appear as a particular narrative form of scapegoating that frames demonized enemies as part of a vast insidious plot against the common good, while it valorizes the scapegoater as a hero for sounding the alarm. [6]

If we assemble the ingredients and processes, we arrive at the following list which traces the linkages from words to violence:

  • Pre-existing prejudice or tensions in the society that can be tapped into.
  • Intensity of the vilifying language, its distribution to a wide audience, and repetition of message.
  • Dualistic division: The world is divided into a good ‘Us’ and a bad ‘Them’.
  • Respected status of speaker or writer, at least within the target audience. A constituency is molded.
  • Vilification and Demonizing rhetoric: Our opponents are dangerous, subversive, probably evil, maybe even subhuman.
  • Targeting scapegoats: ‘They’ are causing all our troubles—we are blameless.
  • The employment of conspiracy theories about the ‘Other’.
  • Apocalyptic aggression: Time is running out, and we must act immediately to stave off a cataclysmic event.
  • Violence against the named scapegoats by self-invented Superheroes.

Levin persuasively argues that both culture and self-interest shape prejudiced ideas and acts of discrimination or violence, which are ‘in many cases, quite rational’. According to Levin, respect for ‘differences can be so costly in a psychologically and material sense that it may actually require rebellious or deviant behavior’, in contrast to the existing norms of a society. Attacking the “Other” turns out to be a common human failing.

While scholarly research exists on its own intellectual merits, we need to recognize that helping unravel the complexity of bigotry and xenophobia assists those working to extend human rights.

Hannah Arendt, in Eichmann in Jerusalem concluded that evil was banal, and that if there was one clear universal truth, it is that ordinary people have a moral obligation to not look away from individual or institutional acts of cruelty or oppression. We recognize the processes that lead from words to violence, they are well-studied, and the theories and proofs are readily available. Silence is consent. Denial is simply evil.


Revised and expanded from my scholarly chapter “Heroes Know Which Villains to Kill: How Coded Rhetoric Incites Scripted Violence,” in Matthew Feldman and Paul Jackson (eds), Doublespeak: Rhetoric of the Far-Right Since 1945, Stuttgart: ibidem-Verlag, 2014.

Full Text Now Online Here at Academia.edu


References:


[1] Washington Post Editorial Board, “Mr. Trump’s immigrant-bashing rhetoric breeds violence,” August 21, 2015, https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/mr-trumps-politics-of-incitement/2015/08/21/c33d0f2e-483d-11e5-8ab4-c73967a143d3_story.html

[2] Robert Reich, “Why Hate Speech by Presidential Candidates is Despicable,” November 29, 2015 http://robertreich.org/post/134235925280

[3] Adele M. Stan. 2015, “A Nation of Sociopaths? What the Trump Phenomenon Says About America,” American Prospect, September 9, 2015. http://prospect.org/article/nation-sociopaths-what-trump-phenomenon-says-about-america.

[4] Mark Frohardt and Jonathan Temin, Use and Abuse of Media in Vulnerable Societies, Special Report 110, Washington, DC, United States Institute of Peace. October 2003, http://permanent. access. gpo. gov/websites/usip/www. usip. org/pubs/specialreports/sr110.pdf, (accessed 26/9/2012). Although an excellent study, the report is flawed by the failure to include a single footnote. See also Kofi A. Annan, Allan Thompson, and International Development Research Centre of Canada, The Media and the Rwanda Genocide (Ottawa: International Development Research Centre, 2007).

[5] Mark Fenster, Conspiracy Theories: Secrecy and Power in American Culture (Minneapolis: Univ. of Minnesota Press, 1999).

[6] Berlet and Lyons, RightWing Populism, p. 9.

[7] Chip Berlet ‘Protocols to the Left’.

[8] Chip Berlet, “Collectivists, Communists, Labor Bosses, and Treason: The Tea Parties as Right–Wing Populist Countersubversion Panic’, in Critical Sociology, July 2012; 38 (4) pp. 565-587; Berlet, ‘Reframing Populist Resentments in the Tea Party Movement.’.

[9] Berlet, ‘Fears of Fédéralisme in the United States’.

[10] Brigitte Nacos and Oscar Torres-Reyna, Fueling Our Fears: Stereotyping, Media Coverage, and Public Opinion of Muslim Americans (Lanham, MD: Rowman& Littlefield, 2007); Center for Race & Gender and Council on American-Islamic Relations, Same Hate, New Target: Islamophobia and its Impact in the United States; January 2009—December 2010 (Berkeley: University of California, Center for Race & Gender, and Washington, DC: Council on American-Islamic Relations, 2011).

[11] Hofstadter, ‘The Paranoid Style in American Politics.’

[12] Ibid., p. 4.

[13] Ibid., emphasis in the original.

[14] Thompson, The End of Time, pp. 307–308.

Hartmann’s Research on Fascism is Deadly Wrong

The full title  of Hartmann’s essay is:
Tea Party and the Right
The Sad Truth of Our Politics: It’s Basically Turned into a Competition Among Oligarchs to Own Everything
It could still happen here
by Thom Hartmann
November 1, 2015

Thom Hartmann’s essay, “The Sad Truth of Our Politics,” was published on Alternet and reposted on Salon. In it Hartmann repeats his use of the hoax Mussolini quote, and the usually erudite Hartmann then follows with some flawed analysis that skips the last 20 years of scholarly work on fascism.

Reposted on Salon as “It can still happen here: Donald Trump, Ben Carson and the ‘American fascists’ among us; Sinclair Lewis feared demagoguery and a corporate ruling class. The right is bringing his dystopia to fruition, Nov 4, 2015,

Hartmann has been using outdated research on fascism since 2004, when he used the hoax Mussolini quote in a lengthy article. Hartmann returned to the subject again in 2009, still using outdated research but not mentioning Mussolini. .

The right-wing media watchdog group MRC Newsbusters attacked Hartmann’s recent post in an article titled: “History According to Liberal Radio Host Thom Hartmann: US Fought Spain in World War II.”

I have never cited MRC Newsbusters’ posts before because they are almost always reactionary drivel. Alas, in this instance, Mr Coleman accurately points out that the US did not fight Spain in WWII. The rest of Coleman observations are reactionary drivel.


 

Older articles:

Thom Hartmann, Transcript: Thom Hartmann talks about fascism. 07 Dec ’09 http://www.thomhartmann.com/blog/2010/02/transcript-thom-hartmann-talks-about-fascism-07-dec-09.

Jack Coleman, “History According to Liberal Radio Host Thom Hartmann: US Fought Spain in World War II,”MRC Newsbusters, http://www.newsbusters.org/blogs/nb/jack-coleman/2015/11/05/history-according-liberal-radio-host-thom-hartmann-us-fought-spain.


Superficial and flamboyant articles do nothing to confront the growing right-wing menace in the United States. The Tea Party and the right-wing Republicans are pursuing

Trump and the Republicans are

Right-Wing Populists — not Neofascists

Getting the moment wrong can have deadly consequences.

Oligarchy is what we have in the United States today—not real democracy. That must be challenged. by effective organizing. But oligarchy is not Fascism. If we were facing actual neofascism our strategies and tactics would have to be very different.

I already addressed this in part in an article for Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting:

Corporate Press Fails to Trump Bigotry

As professor Cas Mudde, explained in the Washington Post, Trump is a right-wing populist, not a fascist.

The Trump phenomenon and the European populist radical right

===The key features of the populist radical right ideology – nativism, authoritarianism, and populism – are not unrelated to mainstream ideologies and mass attitudes. In fact, they are best seen as a radicalization of mainstream values.
(Washington Post 8/26/15).



More details are here:
Later incorporated into
Right-Wing Populism in America: Too Close for Comfort
by Chip Berlet & Matthew N. Lyons

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