Oregon Patriot Standoff – 2016

See Also: Chip’s article for FAIR:
The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly – Media Study

More Resources Page for the Fairness and Accuracy Media Study <<<

Chronological List of Articles and Posts Jan. 1-4, 2016


More Background Resources

Welcome Readers from the Fairness and Accuracy in Media Study

Corrections to the FAIR article:
I should have caught my editing errors on my final reading. Apologies. Corrections online coming soonest.

>>>Paragraph shortened, originally was:

The DHS Report (2009) contained much reliable research, but the ACLU and other civil liberties groups protested it was flawed by a failure to make a distinction between ideology and rhetoric (which are protected by the First Amendment) and criminal acts. As as early as 2008 the ACLU (5/8/08)  was criticizing the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. The ACLU also collected a list of criticisms of the activities of DHS. These criticism are embedded in a controversy over the new rhetoric of political repression developed by the US government and its advisers with language such as “Violent Extremism,” and “Violent Radicalization” which falsely imply that radical ideas on the Left and Right lead inexorably to violent criminal acts.

>>> “starling should be “startling”


Be sure to read: “How Media Turned Right-Wing ‘Willing to Kill’ Extremists Into Peaceful ‘Rancher’s Rights Protesters’” by Ben Norton at FAIR.


The issue of the LDS church, W. Cleon Skoussen, the JBS, and Glenn Beck is complicated. A truly thoughtful analysis is from May 1, 2012 by Matthew Bowman: Utah: A Mormon Scholar Meets Latter-Day Libertarians. Please, before you send me or post messages that I don’t understand the issue, please read this essay by Bowman.


Wildfire Today-The timeline for the Oregon rancher-arsonists


Spencer Sunshine of Political Research Associates has been studying the right-wing backlash in Oregon for several months

David Edwards, Raw Story–Ammon Bundy: Armed militia is ‘a defense mechanism’ so we can ‘unwind’ federal ownership of land

Alan Pyke, Think Progress–What You Need To Know About The Current Militia Standoff In Oregon

Chip Berlet: ‘Trumping’ Democracy: Right-Wing Populism, Fascism, and the Case for Action

Doug Gilbert–U.S. Hard Right Being Bolstered by the Mainstream

Naomi Braine– Terror Network or Lone Wolf?
Disparate Legal Treatment of Muslims and the Radical Right

Eugene Robinson, Washington Post–

The Oregon standoff and America’s double standards on race and religion

Political Research Associates, Clinic Defense–
Those Who Demonize Are Morally Culpable

Reporters Guide-MN Law Library: Legal Theories of Sovereign Citizens, Common Law Courts, Patriots, Tax Protesters


Glenn Beck, an LDS (Mormon) convert is a major source of conspiracy theories about liberalism and the alleged plot to impose tyranny in America.

Search using:
“Glenn Beck” “John Birch Society” Mormon conspiracy
“Latter Day Saints” “Glenn Beck” conspiracy
Note that the LDS rejects the conspiracy theories peddled by Glenn Beck and some other Mormons.

And read this excellent article:
http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2010/10/18/confounding-fathers

Background Resources

What is the Patriot Movement?

Bibliography for Serious Research on the US Patriot Movement

Trump, Right-wing Populism & Fascism

Theoretical Conversation on Fascism

CONSPIRACY THEORIES GLOSSARY:

Title of claimed conspiracy
  • Agenda 21
  • New World Order
  • United Nations
  • New Dark Ages
  • Illuminati
  • Protocols of the Elders of Zion
  • Clinton Administration

See also:

Patriots and Armed Militias: Battling the Feds & New World Order
From Chip Berlet and Matthew N. Lyons. 2000.
RightWing Populism in America: Too Close for Comfort. New York: Guilford Press.

Chip’s Obscure Online Articles:

Dances with Devils: Apocalyptic & Millennialist Themes
& Right Wing Scapegoating & Conspiracis

Toxic to Democracy:
Conspiracy Theories, Demonization, & Scapegoating

Collectivists, Communists, Labor Bosses, & Treason:
The Tea Parties as Right-Wing Populist Counter-Subversion Panic

And don’t be a cheapskate, buy spend a few bucks and buy a used copy of the book Matt Lyons and I wrote: Right-Wing Populism in America: Too Close for Comfort
$14.95 at Powell’s


    Racist White Nationalist Nativism
+ Christian Right Assaults on LGBTQ & Women’s Rights
+ Neo-Liberal “Free Market” Economic Class Warfare
+ Militarism & International Aggression
+ Right-Wing Populist Demagoguery
===Can Lead to=============================
Devolution of Democracy into Neofascism

{{ Build Multi-issue Grassroots Coalitions Now ! }}

Amnet Sample

In the late 1980s, this is what a computer
Bulletin Board System would look like
on your home compute screen which would
only display text, including numbers and
punctuation found on a teletypewriter

Captured 05/01/87
==============================================================

SAMPLE SESSION

AMNET COMPUTER BULLETIN BOARD

What you see on your computer screen when you call the BBS

==============================================================

Nulls, if needed, (0-9)? 0

AMNET BBS
THE CIVIL LIBERTIES ELECTRONIC FORUM
—————————————
BBS – NEWSBASE 2 – CHICAGO, IL
Operating 24 hours -1200/300 baud

—————————————
Sponsored by the National Lawyers Guild
Civil Liberties Committee

With cooperation from The Center for
Democratic Renewal (CDR) & The Fund for
Open Information & Accountability, Inc.
(FOIA, Inc.)

Chip Berlet – SYSOP (System Operator)

Contributing Editors:
Howard Katz – Ann Mari Buitrago
Mark Alphonso

NewsBase BBS Program (c) 1986, R. Gaikowski

Enter FIRST Name: chip
Enter LAST Name: berlet
Checking file…

Your PASSWORD: 123456

Is today’s date 05/01/87 ‘Y/N’ ?n

Enter today’s date as MM/DD/YY: 05/05/87
Logging name to disk…

You are caller number: 464

ŠUse CTL-S or S to PAUSE, CTL-K or K to END

BULLETIN…

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – 02/14/87
The new system is up on a
Xerox 820-II utilizing nearly
four-megabytes of a hard disk.
Text files not on the main menu
can be found on Drive A: in
User Areas 0-4. Password is “STAR”
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

Welcome to AMNET!

AMNET is a computer bulletin board
serving the movement for democratic
change in America by providing
information about civil liberties and
civil rights.

Thanks to:
Richard Gaikowski – NEWSBASE design
Alan Fenske – system design & testing
Irv Hoff – help with BYE.COM
Dennis Recla – original RBBS.COM

Please do not compromise this
system by leaving messages that are
not public, uploading copyrighted
material, engaging in any criminal
activity, or otherwise exposing us
to legal liability.

Thanks, enjoy your visit…

-=**:[ MAIN AMNET (NEWSBASE 2) MENU ]:**=-

Private Messages [password protected]
EM – PRIVATE E-MAIL

Public Messages [no privacy – open to all]
DE – DEBATE

Section Menus for Electronic Newsletter
FR – FRONT PAGE
CL – CIVIL LIBERTIES
RW – RIGHT WING REALITY
OR – ORGANIZING
Š
System Commands
N – NOTES ON SYSTEM
X – TURNS MENUS OFF/ON
Z – GRAFFITI WALL
C – TO CP/M – MORE TEXT [upload/download files]
/ – OTHER COMMANDS

Type “BYE” to EXIT and Logoff [Disconnect]

>>AMNET [NEWSBASE 2] > fr

FRONT PAGE

1 Schoolbook Censorship Cases
2 CIA Secrecy and the Democratic Process
3 LaRouche: unravelling the Gordion Knot {ITT}
4 Jerry Falwell’s Christian Bill of Rights
5 Sanctuary Movement Converts Colonel
6 Reagan and the World Anti-Communist League

/ = Other commands | M = Main Menu

>>AMNET [NEWSBASE 2] > cl

CIVIL LIBERTIES

1 CAN WE TAKE OUR FREEDOMS FOR GRANTED?
by Richard Criley [THIS IS A LONG FILE!]
2 Censorship in the Classroom – ACLU
3 Drug Testing – Rights of Employees – ACLU
4 COINTELPRO Revisited – Spying & Disruption
by Brian Glick [This is a long File!]
5 Even LaRouchies & Crazies Have Rights
6 Nationwide Police Spy Network Exposed in Chicago
7 List of Agencies in Police Spy Network
8 Visa Denials Equal Censorship – ACLU
9 Equal Rights After the Brown Decision – ACLU
10 The Constitution Coulkd Save Us From Our Worst Mistakes!
From Civil Liberties – ACLU (Reprinted from the New Yorker)

/ = Other commands | M = Main Menu

Š1 CAN WE TAKE OUR FREEDOMS FOR GRANTED?
by Richard Criley [THIS IS A LONG FILE!]

>>CIVIL LIBERTIES>1

Use CTL-S or S to PAUSE, CTL-K or K to END

CAN WE TAKE OUR FREEDOMS FOR GRANTED?

by Richard Criley

Bill of Rights Foundation

“Congress shall make no law . . .

abridging the freedom of speech, or of

the press; or the right of the people

peaceably to assemble and to petition the

Government for a redress of grievances.”

First Amendment to the
U. S. Constitution (1)

We assume that the United States is dedicated to individual

freedoms; it’s part of our national identity.

But as individuals, we seldom appreciate our constitutional

freedoms until we are unjustly treated. An abusive police

officer, an unfair judge, an unresponsive tax auditor, or some

other person in a position of authority can vividly show us how

easily our rights can be trampled. Then we are outraged and want

to do something to defend our fragile freedoms.

FREEDOMS FOR ALL–OR FREEDOMS FOR NONE

What can we do? Our system of individual rights depends

Šupon their availability to {{{everyone}}}–including some people whose

beliefs we may not like. But if the constitutional rights of any

[story continues – edited here for space]

To read or enter public comments on this article PRESS ‘Y’ y

Sorry no comments have been entered for that file
To enter a comment press ‘E’

>> COMMENT FILE (E)nter,(R)ead,(S)can by title :e

Msg # will be 1

To (RETURN for ALL):
Subject: Informed Consent

Enter up to 40 lines of text (NO semicolons).
When finished, hit two RETURNs in a row.

1> One problem is the lack of serious education concerning
2> pluralism and democracy. How can we expect to defend democracy
3> when we don’t know what it is or what its enemies are like?
4>

(S)ave (A)bort (C)ontinue (E)dit (L)ist
(D)elete or (I)sert line (or’?’for help): s
Updating Summary file, Next Message #, Active Messages, and Message file.

>>AMNET [NEWSBASE 2] > rw

RIGHT WING REALITY

1 MONITOR – Newsletter of the
Center for Democratic Renewal (CDR)
2 CDR Statement
3 CDR Press Release
4 Lyndon LaRouche – Fascism in the 1980’s
by Chip Berlet
5 Racist Computer Networks
6 Racist and Anti-Semitic Farm Activism
by Lenny Zeskind – CDR
7 The White Racist Alliance in Illinois
by Midwest Research
8 Advice on How Right-Wing Fundamentalists
can Infiltrate the Political Process
Š – as disclosed by People for the American Way

/ = Other commands | M = Main Menu

>>AMNET [NEWSBASE 2] > or

ORGANIZING

1 Groups Researching or Organizing Against the Right Wing
by Midwest Research
2 Bugs, Wiretaps and Informers – an Overview
by Linda Lotz, American Friends Service Committee
3 Common Sense Security
by Sheila O’Donnell, Public Eye Network

FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT KIT – from FOIA, INC.

4 Documentation and Instructions
5 Sample FBI Request Letter
6 Sample Federal Agency Request Letter
7 Sample Appeal of Denial or Deletions Letter
8 List of FBI Main & Field Office Addresses
9 List of Selected Federal Agency Address

10 Illinois Freedom of Information Act – Sample Letter
11 Chicago Open Records Executive Order – Sample Letter

/ = Other commands | M = Main Menu

>>AMNET [NEWSBASE 2] > em

>>PRIVATE E-MAIL BOARD<< Number of Active Entries: 2 Board's Last Entry Number: 17 ***COMMANDS USED*** E.) Enter message S.) Scan message by title R.) Read messages D.) Delete message F.) Feedback for Sysop /.) Other commands Š Hit RETURN for previous menu To Read more than one message at a time enter R;1+ or R;23+ to start reading messages from whichever number you want to start at. >>PRIVATE E-MAIL> R,S,D,E,/ or’?’:

>>AMNET [NEWSBASE 2] > de

>>DEBATE BOARD<< Number of Active Entries: 12 Board's Last Entry Number: 13 Last Entry You Read: 13 ***COMMANDS USED*** E.) Enter message S.) Scan message by title R.) Read messages D.) Delete message F.) Feedback for Sysop /.) Other commands Hit RETURN for previous menu To Read more than one message at a time enter R;1+ or R;23+ to start reading messages from whichever number you want to start at. >>DEBATE> R,S,D,E,/ or’?’: r;1

Use CTL-S or S to PAUSE, CTL-K or K to END

Msg #: 1
Date: 09/22/86
From: Allan Fenske
To: ALL
Re: TERRORISM AND DRUGS

I’D LIKE TO SEE PEOPLE’S COMMENTS ON THE FOLLOWING
PROPOSITION. THE TWO MAIN ISSUES BEING PUSHED BY THE
PRESENT ADMINISTRATION ARE TERRORISM (FORIEGN POLICY)
AND DRUGS (DOMESTIC POLICY). IT SEEMS CLEAR THAT WHILE
BOTH OF THESE ARE GENUINE AREAS OF CONCERN INFACT THEY
ARE BEING USED TO COVER A HOST OF MORE IMPORTANT ISSUES.L
IN A REAL SENSE BOTH OF THESE ISSUES ARE BOGUS. NEITHER
ŠOF THEM SPEAKS TO THE REAL CRISIS’ FACING THE AMERICAN
PEOPLE AND THE HYSTERIA SUROUNDING THEM ONLY STIFLES REAL
DEBATE. WORSE, THE SOLUTIONS PROPOSED WILL ONLY SERVE TO
REDUCE CIVIL LIBERTIES AND CUT CHANNELS OF COMMUNICATION
PROGRESSIVE ACTIVISTS SHOULD TRY TOEXPOSE THIS FRAUD AND FOCUS
ATTENTION ON THE REAL ISSUES.

Message Number: ( 1- 13) to Read (RETURN to quit) : 2

Msg #: 2
Date: 10/23/86
From: Ben Masel
To: ALL
Re: #1

bravo. a couple weeks back thea cop shot a guy, handcuffe
d on the groumnd, for having picked 3 wid plants.
This was the day after ron and nacncy”s tv show.
Marijuana and anti-urine test rally we held on Wisc. ca
Capitol grounds has become an issue in governor”s race.
the republican challenger says we should never have been
allowed to hold it.
Why are they so sanctimonious when all their pals push
cocaine?
Virginia Hill, girlfriend of Buggsy Siegal, in autobiogr
aphy, refers to reagan introducing Siegal to “Unofficial
Mayor” of SF Chinatown, which link, i suspect , played
a part in SE Asia to USA Heroin traffic. (Koumintong mai
ntains an army in Golden triangle area of Burma which
dominates upstream end of eroin flow. Remember, Reagan
remained loyal to Koumintang long after Nixon “s trip
to Peking. And then there”s the Contras.

Message Number: ( 1- 13) to Read (RETURN to quit) : 3

Msg #: 3
Date: 11/26/86
From: David Orme
To: ALL
Re: Issues

What do you think that the other real issues are?

I agree that the cop shooting the guy while he was handcuffed
was not a good idea, but is that really a widespread issue
like the drugs we hear about at work, at school, and elsewhere?

Dave

Message Number: ( 1- 13) to Read (RETURN to quit) : 4
Š

Msg #: 4
Date: 11/26/86
From: Ben Masel
To: ALL
Re: same

What is becoming widespread is the attitude that the au
thorities can do no wrong, so long as they are fifghting
the drug menace. Thus the reedom of Information act is
wiped as a rider in the drug package.
And the 4th amendment deserves a decent burial. (Anyone
know a stonecarver?)

>>AMNET [NEWSBASE 2] > c

COMMANDS used on this system:

NOTE: You can not re-enter the BBS from CP/M
You must redial to re-enter BBS

A>BYE <---To sign-off A>DIR <---To get a directory of the software on the drive A>DIR $L <---To list all files in all LIBRARY files on drive A>TYPE <---For Type menu A>KMD <---For KMD menu for uploads & downloads A>HELP <---For detailed instructions CHECKSUM PROTOCOL USERS NOTE: Most MS-DOS, PC-DOS and APPLE users use the Checksum file accuracy algorithm (Most CP/M folks use CRC). IF YOUR PROGRAM USES CHECKSUM RATHER THAN CRC PROTOCOL: The KMD commands to use to send NewsBase a file is KMD RC filename To have NewsBase send you a file the command is: KMD SC filename For MS-DOS user to send a file from within a library file KMD LC libraryname filename.ext NewsBase supports the Christensen, XMODEM & KMD protocols! Entering CP/M... Booting AMNET RCP/M... Type HELP for assistance Š Minutes left: 42 BYE .COM 8K | DIR .COM 8K | HELP .COM 8K | INDEX .COM 8K KMD .COM 16K | TYPE .COM 8K | USER .COM 8K | XMODEM .COM 8K >>> DRIVE:A USER:0 FILES:8 SPACE USED:72K (3288K FREE) <<< Maximum Directory entries: 512 of which 8 were found used and 504 left. A0>user 1

PW=
A1>dir

PRIBBS .005 16K | PRIDATAM.006 8K | PRIEND .009 8K | PRIINTRO.001 16K
PRILAWEN.004 8K | PRILIABL.003 8K | PRIORWEL.008 8K | PRIPRIV .002 16K
PRISURV .007 24K
>>> DRIVE:A USER:1 FILES:9 SPACE USED:112K (3288K FREE) <<< Maximum Directory entries: 512 of which 9 were found used and 503 left. A1>user 2

A2>dir

FARM .CDR 32K | MONITOR1.CDR 16K | MONITOR3.CDR 40K
>>> DRIVE:A USER:2 FILES:3 SPACE USED:88K (3288K FREE) <<< Maximum Directory entries: 512 of which 3 were found used and 509 left. A2>user 3

A3>dir

F1INST .FOI 16K | F2FBIREQ.FOI 8K | F3GOVREQ.FOI 8K | F4ADMAPP.FOI 8K
F5FBIADD.FOI 8K | F6GOVADD.FOI 8K
>>> DRIVE:A USER:3 FILES:6 SPACE USED:56K (3288K FREE) <<< Maximum Directory entries: 512 of which 6 were found used and 506 left. A3>user 4

A4>dir

LGHTBULB.TXT 16K | MANUAL .ASC 88K | VISA .TXT 16K
>>> DRIVE:A USER:4 FILES:3 SPACE USED:120K (3288K FREE) <<< Maximum Directory entries: 512 of which 4 were found used and 508 left. A4>user 0

A0>help

AMNET CP/M RBBS HELP

Type “BYE” to say Goodbye and break connection with AMNET
Š
Type “DIR” for sorted directory of files
Type “DIR A:” for sorted directory of files on Drive A:
Type “DIR A: $L for sorted directory of Library files (.LBR)
Type “DIR A: $A for sorted directory of files on all User areas

Type “USER 2” for changing to USER area 2
Public user areas are 0-4
Password for public user areas PW=STAR

Type “TYPE” for help in screen display of text files
Use this to capture ASCII text by modem
Type “KMD” for help in Uploading or Downloading
Use this for “XMODEM” type binary transfer

Sorry, you cannot return to the first AMNET menu from here….

A0>user 4

PW=
A4>dir

LGHTBULB.TXT 16K | MANUAL .ASC 88K | VISA .TXT 16K
>>> DRIVE:A USER:4 FILES:3 SPACE USED:120K (3288K FREE) <<< Maximum Directory entries: 512 of which 4 were found used and 508 left. A4>type visa.txt

TYPEL v3.2 (c) ESKAY 05-23-84
P& VISA DENIAL VICTORY SETS STAGE FOR SWEEPING LEGISLATION

by Susan Blank From: “CIVIL LIBERTIES”,
American Civil Liberties Union,
No. 357 Spring, 1986

In 1983, Nino Pasti, an Italian peace activist who had been a Senator and
NATO general, was invited to the United States to address an antinuclear
rally. Invoking the McCarran-Walter Immigration and Nationality Act, the U.S.
State Department refused Pasti a visa on the grounds that he was seeking to
enter the country to engage in activities that “would be prejudicial to its
interests or endanger its security.”

This spring the State Department’s assertion that it has the authority to
impose such a ban was significantly undercut. In a case brought by the ACLU,
a federal court of appeals ruled that Pasti and three other foreigners should

[story continues, edited for space]

A4>BYE

THANKS FOR CALLING AMNET…PLEASE HANG UP NOW!


Social Movements Need an Infrastructure to Succeed

by Chip Berlet

Adapted from an article that first appeared in Z Magazine (September 2005) and then Nonprofit Online News Journal (May 2006)
Gentle revisions in 2008 and 2015


Since I worked for over thirty years at a progressive think tank, Political Research Associates, the claim that progressive funders should help build a movement infrastructure is obviously self-serving, but that doesn’t make it inaccurate. Studies by the National Committee for Responsive Philanthropy have reached similar conclusions. I talked with folks at several other research groups that study the Political Right (those that haven’t gone under in recent years) and it seems we all have research tasks we would like to pursue, and research, monitoring, or training projects for which we have unsuccessfully sought funds.

Here is just one example. The Center for New Community has a Building Democracy initiative designed to counter “racism and other forms of bigotry through strategic research, community organizing, education and training. Its work to develop an anti-racist youth culture; its collaboration with human, civil, and immigrant rights organizations in response to anti-immigrant activity; and its release of nationally recognized research reports mark its recent advances to address these realities.” The Center would like to expand this work. It lacks the funds. In a similar way, more staff and resources could be put to good use at other groups such as the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Policy Institute, Americans United for Separation of Church and State, and Political Research Associates.

Want another concrete example? Among the earliest progressive researchers who wrote books and articles about the rise of the Political Right were Sara Diamond, Russ Bellant, and Fred Clarkson. For a time Diamond wrote an excellent column about the Political Right for Z Magazine. In the long run, however, none of these three fine researchers and journalists could make a living doing what they did best. Compare them to Ann Coulter, Dinesh D’Souza, and the swarm of right-wing ideologues plucked fresh from college and generously financed with stipends, grants, and fellowships from conservative foundations.

Investigative reporter Bill Berkowitz has managed to continue to write about the Political Right, as have I, and there is a new crop of writers including Michelle Goldberg,  Esther Kaplan, Jeff Sharlet,  Sarah Posner, David Neiwert, Alex DiBranco, and others. But there still is no long-term consistent funding for progressive research on the many sectors of the U.S. Political Right.

Most liberal and left foundations will tell you up front that they don’t fund research, conferences, or media. That’s exactly what the Political Right funded to help build the infrastructure of their successful social movement. The staff of many progressive foundations privately will admit that they are well aware of this scenario, but they are not able to get foundation priorities and guidelines shifted to respond to the strategic and tactical challenges funded by the conservative infrastructure.

For 25 years the progressive movement for social change has been fed head first into a gigantic, well-funded, right-wing, ideological sausage-making machine, while foundations that consider themselves progressive are dispensing band-aids. If we figured out how to stop the machine, we wouldn’t need the band-aids.

Since we believe in progressive social change, then we must believe in the democratic process. Democracy is a process that involves several components, all of which are necessary, but none of which is sufficient. This is how it works.

Democracy is a process that assumes the majority of people, over time, given enough accurate information, the ability to participate in a free and open public debate, and can vote without intimidation, reach constructive decisions that benefit the whole of society, and preserve liberty, protect our freedoms, extend equality, and defend democracy itself.

Just days after the election of Barak Obama as President, we can see attempts to constrain his progressive agenda. A strong, diverse, democratically-run, vibrant progressive social movement is the best way to build support for turning the vision outlined in Obama’s uplifting rhetoric into a reality for all us.

Chip Berlet: Social Movements Need an Infrastructure to Succeed

 Jean Hardisty: My On-Again, Off-Again Romance With Liberalism

How the Right Took Power and the Failure of Liberal Infrastructures

Progressive Movement Building

Featured Allies & More Resources

Roosevelt’s The Four Freedoms

“In the future days, which we seek to make secure, we look forward to a world founded upon four essential human freedoms.”

“The first is freedom of speech and expression–everywhere in the world.”

“The second is freedom of every person to worship God in his own way–everywhere in the world.”

“The third is freedom from want–which, translated into world terms, means economic understandings which will secure to every nation a healthy peacetime life for its inhabitants-everywhere in the world.”

“The fourth is freedom from fear–which, translated into world terms, means a world-wide reduction of armaments to such a point and in such a thorough fashion that no nation will be in a position to commit an act of physical aggression against any neighbor–anywhere in the world.”

“That is no vision of a distant millennium. It is a definite basis for a kind of world attainable in our own time and generation. That kind of world is the very antithesis of the so-called new order of tyranny which the dictators seek to create with the crash of a bomb.”

                                                   –President Franklin Delano Roosevelt,
January 6, 1941

Chip’s essay on Defending the Four Freedoms written after the right-wing terror attack on the Oklahoma City Federal Building

See also this excellent essay on the Four Freedoms:
“What We Can Learn From FDR”
by Harvey J. Kaye
April 10, 2014