Scholarly Studies

Chip Berlet

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Early Online Coverage of the Terror in Norway

Posts by Serious Journalists and Scholars from the United States

An associated resource page for the ECPR Standing Group on Extremism & Democracy electronic newsletter: e-Extreme. Prior version originally posted at Talk2Action.

This link will take you to a Google Translation page of Norway suspect Anders Behring Breivik's comments on

This link will take you to the text of the Breivik Manifesto

Within minutes of the terror attacks in Oslo, Norway on July 22, 2011, English-language posts on the social network site Twitter from Norway began to provide details from radio and television programs. Several journalists and scholars from the United States began posting online commentaries, in many cases referencing Norway-based Twitter posts (called “tweets”), sometimes using online translation software.

Information-sharing activities early on involved a group of journalists and scholars with a history of writing about the Christian Right. Along with others, we began to share information through social networks Twitter, Facebook, and private e-mails.

Major Sites

Talk to Action

Chip Berlet
Journalist, co-author of Right-wing populism in America: too close for comfort.

Bill Berkowitz
Journalist, author

Frederick Clarkson
Journalist, author

Religion Dispatches

Sarah Posner:
Journalist, author of God's profits : faith, fraud, and the Republican crusade for values voters.

Mark Juergensmeyer:
Professor of Sociology at the University of California, Santa Barbara and author of Terror in the Mind of God (UC Press). [More books by Juergensmeyer]

Julie Ingersoll:
Associate Professor of Religious Studies at the University of North Florida, author of Evangelical Christian women: war stories in the gender battles. [More books by Ingersoll]

Michael J. Altman:

Selected Postings at Other Sites or on Twitter

Accuracy.Org: Norway Terror Suspect Described as Far-Right Nationalist Islamophobe | Has links to several articles

Chip Berlet

  • Tweet @ChipBerlet: Media lost in Norway suspect's posts. Cultural Marxism (Jewish plot)+White Nationalism+Islamophobia+US Christian Right conspiracy theories

Bill Berkowitz

Max Blumenthal
  • Anders Behring Breivik, a perfect product of the Axis of Islamophobia
  • Tweet @MaxBlumenthal: "Screed blaming Muslims for attack by @jrubinblogger is still up, uncorrected by Washington Post."
  • Tweet @MaxBlumenthal: "Pam Geller, who initially blamed the gov of Norway (and Muslims) for oslo attacks, is now insisting that Breivik is not her Fjordman."

Conor Friedersdorf: "Anders Behring Breivik and the 'Anti-Jihadist' Blogosphere," | The Atlantic.

Michelle Goldberg: Author of Kingdom Coming: The Rise of Christian Nationalism. New York: W.W. Norton, 2006. Writes for Daily Beast and Newsweek.

IREHR: Norway terror suspect "Breivik appears to be a fan of the Tea Party's favorite Islamophobe, Pamela Geller" From the Institute for Research & Education on Human Rights

Martin Jay: (2010) Dialectic of Counter-Enlightenment: The Frankfurt School as scapegoat of the lunatic fringe, Salmagundi, 169, (Fall 2010-Winter 2011). Online Here

Daniel Loftus: The google ngram view backs up Cultural Marxism trope: See the chart
[Ed. Note: Be aware that the early mentions are primarily references to the Cultural Marxist trend within sociology. This coverage may have prompted the development of the conspiracy theory by Lind and Weyrich].

Matthew N. Lyons: Threewayfight: Anders Breivik, Mainstream Islamophobia, and the Far Right

Cas Mudde: Thoughtful essay on democratic response to political violence - Online Here.
Professor of political science at DePauw University, author of Populist radical right parties in Europe. [More books by Mudde]

Leah Nelson: White Nationalists React to Norway Rampage | Hatewatch | Southern Poverty Law Center

David Neiwert: Norway terrorist Breivik was an ardent subscriber to theories of 'Cultural Marxism' | Crooks and Liars

Carlos A. Rivera-Jones: Anders Behring Breivik is not a fundamentalist Christian, he is something worse.

Jeff Sharlet: Assistant Professor of English at Dartmouth College. Author of Sweet Heaven When I Die (W.W. Norton, 2011); C Street (Little, Brown 2010); The Family (Harper, 2008).

Adele Stan: Blogger and author of numerous articles on the Christian Right in the U.S. Writes for Alternet.

Robert Steinback: Geller Scrubs Violent Line From Norwegian Islamophobe’s 2007 E-mail | Hatewatch | Southern Poverty Law Center

Zeynep Tufekci: Assistant Professor at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, (Twitter: @techsoc; Website), author of "Can You See Me Now? Audience and Disclosure Regulation in Online Social Network Sites."

An interview with Tufekci about her early tweets will be linked from here when ready.

Tom Walker

Matthew Yglesias: at ThinkProgress noted on July 24 that “attacks by separatist/nationalist groups far outnumber attacks by Islamists.” See: Who Commits Terrorist Attacks In Europe?

Gary Younge: In Europe, Where's the Hate? | The Nation Really compelling article by in 2007. Predictive & sad.


On the Right:

William S. Lind

Critical of Lind:

The post "submission to the Judeo-corporate forces of the Obama Nation" - This essay blasts Lind's Cultural Marxism from racist right

Paul Weyrich:

Critical of Weyrich:

Excerpt from "The rights and wrongs of the Religious Right" in The Freedom Writer, October 1995.

Paul Weyrich is one of the top strategists of the Radical Religious Right. He is credited with persuading the Rev. Jerry Falwell to become politically active through the Moral Majority and convincing the Rev. Pat Robertson to enter politics. Weyrich was probably the first conservative schemer to realize the political potential of the abortion issue. Abortion, more than any other issue, pushed Christians into the conservative political movement. A compelling speaker, Weyrich imparts to the careful listener the real essence of the Radical Religious Right. Weyrich told The Freedom Writer that the one thing the Religious Right must do to stay on course is to "never compromise." Read More...


Free Congress Foundation (FCF)

Critical of FCF

















Page Title


This page is part of a new website (under construction) that will provide resources for scholars and others studying right-wing
political and social movements in the United States.

General Resource Pages:

By Type of Resource:

By Sector:

  • Electoral Right
  • Religious Right
  • Patriots & Militias
  • Organized White Supermacy

By Topic:

  • Apocalypticism
  • Conspiracism
  • Demonization
  • Nativism
  • Nationalism
  • Populism
  • Prejudice & Stereotyping
  • Producerism
  • Scapegoating

Democracy is a process,
not a specific set of institutions

Democracy is a process that assumes
the majority of people, over time,
given enough accurate information,
the ability to participate
in a free and open public debate,
and can vote without intimidation,
reach constructive decisions
that benefit the whole of society, and
preserve liberty,
protect our freedoms,
extend equality, and
defend democracy.

-Chip Berlet





This site is curated by Chip Berlet